Take Control


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To control your layout you now have several options. You can have conventional analogue control (furter referred to as DC or AC, depending on the manufacturer of your rolling stock and track), DCC (digital command control), other command control systems or direct-to-the loco radio or infra-red control systems. On this page I will explain a few control systems with links to manufacturers for further information.


Conventional DC or AC control

Using this kind of control has the advantage that it is to understand with basic knowledge of electricity and how electric circuits work. When you have a large layout the wiring can become very complicated and it is good to have good drawings of how the wiring is done. This is strongly recommended for all model railway wiring on any layout larger than a 4x8 ft board (1x2 metres). To control your trains you can either use the power pack supplied with the starter set or a more powerful power pack (transformer/controller). When using power packs I recommend a rating of at least 1 Amp, even for N-scale!  European power packs offer single-knob control and an auxiliary 16V AC output for points and accessories. The manufacturers normally state for which system their equipment is made. Do NOT USE Märklin or other AC power packs,  Japanese model trains all run on 0-12V DC.

pinkball More on analogue model railway controls

pinkball Japanese model railway control

In Japan most manufacturers (Kato, Tomix, Endo, KTM) offer transistorised analogue controllers, which offer a much smoother control than the conventional transformer-controllers offered by European manufacturers. Apart from smoother control, Kato and Tomix also have paid attention to the whole wiring system and both manufacturers have a convenient plug-in wiring system. However, the Kato and Tomix wiring systems are not compatible due to different plugs. Both Kato and Tomix use an easy to use plaug-and-play cabling system. More information is available through the links below.

prplballAn introduction to the Tomix control system

A short description of the controllers and switches offered by Tomix.

purple ballKato controls

An introduction to Kato's controllers and Kato's digital command control system, one of the early systems that was not very successfull.

prplDigital Command Control

A more modern appraoch to model railway control which offers you lots of new possiblities, control of individual locos, extra functions, layout automation and lots, lots more.

prpl Some backgrounds on Digital Command Control, not only NMRA DCC.

prpl A brief history of the development of NMRA DCC.

prpl Overview of DCC systems, an overview of the various systems available. Please note that the list is not complete, some systems may not be compatible with N-scale models or may not be available in the country you live.

prplCab-style controllers. Many modellers always wanted to be a train driver. Well with a cab-style controller you can be in the driver's seat of your own model train. I made a survey of what's available from both Japanese and European manufacturers, both analogue and digital (DCC).

prpl An overview of the methods and interfaces used to convert analogue loco models into DCC-controlled locos, the art of fitting a DCC-decoder.

prpl Modern Smartphones could also be used to control your layout. Very promising and providing lots of fun!

prpl Your smartphone can now control analogue DC locos as well. A portrait of 3 app-controlled controllers.


rink Links to manufacturers of analogue model railway control equipment, both analogue and digital (DCC).


Control of points, signals and accesories.

These can be controlled with various switches and other controls. It is best to build a control panel where all switches are mounted in such a way that they can easily be identified and that their function is clear. You can build such a control panel yourself or use a 'domino' type system that is offered by several manufacturers. When using DCC it is possible to use your computer as a control panel using special software. This software can also control locomotives and even trigger sound and lighting effects etc.

S.E.S. control panel.

As you can see, the SES control panel is made up of hexagonal sections. These sections clip together, the hexagonal shape is space-saving, so the resulting panel is still very compact, without impairing clarity. SES now offers control panels with LED or incandescent (bulbs) indicator lights. Special colour combinations are available on special order..SES offers an interface to connect  SES control panels to XpressNet (Lenz DCC control bus).

megapoints MegaPoints Controllers offer a modular point and signal control system that makes use of I2C nnd CAN bus technologies. Products have a learning curve, and can be used on almost any layout, with analogue DC or DCC train control. MegaPoints Controllers can also supply mimic panels and offer a panel building service.

erbert Erbert Modellbahntechnik offers miniature versions of the control panels that are used by the German railways. No surprise that these work best on German-prototype layouts, with the correct signals that are also offered by Erbert. Erbert also offers control panels that connect directly to LocoNet..

MinWa logo Min Wa Electronics offer a huge range of step-down transformers, DC power supplies and battery chargers.

arduino logo For those with an interest in experimenting, building and programming control devices, the Arduino provides a nice platform. These have great potential for railway modellers!



Written by Mark Veneman

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